ISSN 2304-2885p, 2617-7315e Vol 7 No1, 2019

Assessing the Impact of the Implementation of Teacher Performance Appraisal Development Tool on the Quality of Teaching in Kenya. A Case Study of Narok County Secondary Schools

Regina M.O Philip


Quality education is the cornerstone to creating sustainable development in line to the 2030 agenda. Poor Quality Education is a national systemic threat to the Kenyan economy if not checked. The Quality of education in Kenya has been tagged to Teacher Performance Appraisal Development (TPAD) since 2016, an evaluation system that has failed in other Countries. The following objectives guided this paper: Establish the effect of teacher evaluation on learner grades, examine the credibility of the appraiser and to find out the obstacles towards effective teacher evaluation in Narok County Secondary Schools Kenya. This paper may be a revelation and of reference to a number of stakeholders in Education and other sectors. Teachers have found their added roles of appraisee and appraiser challenging. Given that, the Teachers Service Commission (TSC) their employer threatens their teaching values, expertise, and pedagogy.
Teachers are in a dichotomy between Teachers Trade unions and TSC as stakeholders. While the unionist term the TPAD as simply paper work and time consuming, TSC embrace the TPAD and is yet to develop individualized teacher feedback. Factors like inconsistent Teacher development, evaluator credibility, mismatch between TPAD rating and
learner grades, incompetency in ICT integration and lack of proper monitoring and evaluation of TPAD implementation question the efficiency of teacher evaluation system in Kenya. This paper recommends a collaborative type of teacher evaluation system and Methodology was through related literature review. Key Words- Quality education; quality teaching; teacher appraisal; Feedback; Competency; TPAD; lesson

Full Text:



Allen, C., Hadjistassou, S. K., & Richardson, R. (2016). Self-evaluation using iPads in EFL teaching practice. In S. Papadima- Sophocleous, L. Bradley, & S. Thouësny (Eds), CALL communities and culture – short papers from EUROCALL 2016 (pp. 20-24). Research-

Aloo, J. O., Ajowi, J.O. and Aloka, P. J. O. (2017). Influence of Teacher Performance Appraisal on Effectiveness in Curriculum Evaluation in Kenyan public secondary schools. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary studiesVol. 6(3) 77-64. at:]

Bill, G.,(2013, April 3rd) A fairer way to evaluate teachers. The Washington post [Video file]

Bolona Lopez, M., Ortiz, M., & Allen, C. (2015).Using mobile devices and the AdobeConnect web conferencing tool in the assessment of EFL student teacher performance. In F. Helm, L. Bradley, M. Guarda, & S. Thouësny (Eds), Critical CALL – Proceedings of the 2015 EUROCALL Conference, Padova, Italy (pp. 77-83). Dublin Ireland:

Burn, J.(2016) Is There “Best” Teacher Evaluation system?Retrieved from

Carbaugh, B. Marzano, R. Toth, M. (2017) The Marzano Focused Teacher Evaluation Model: A Focused, Scientific-Behavioral Evaluation Model for Standards-Based Classrooms. West Palm Beach, FL

Cody, A. (2014). Teacher education leaders speak out: Kevin Kumashiro on teacher preparation, edTPA and reform. Retrieved October 3, 2015, from

Cody, A.(2018 Octo. 20th) Reporting to Bill Gates’ destructive model of Teacher Evaluation [Video file] model of teacher evaluation.

Daily Nation (2016), Teachers Appraisal System has improved Curriculum Delivery, April 25th.

Daily Nation (2017), Tough Rules on transfer of Teachers, June 25th

Gichuki M. G. (2015). Teachers Perceptions of the Performance Appraisal System Effectiveness in Public Secondary Schools In Naivasha and Gilgil Districts, Nakuru County.

Global Partnership for Education, (2017 August 8th) Transforming Teaching teaching in Kenya. partnership for education in Kenya.

Danielson, C. (2010/2011). Evaluations that help teachers learn. Educational Leadership. 68 (4)

Hadi, A. (2005).The relationship between the teachers performance ratings and the achievement of their students .Education organization of zanjan, applied HRM research, volume 11, (1): 75-78

ILO (2013) ILO condition of contract. ILO 2011 Version 2.2 (EN) 01.12.2013 Services T&C imperative. Paris: UNESCO.

Jensen, B. (2011). Better Teacher Appraisals and feedback: Improving performance. London, Gratta Institute.

Jiang J.Y. &. Sporte,S.E. (2016 January)Teacher Evaluation in Chicago. Differences in observation and value –added scores by teachers, students, and school characteristics.

Jonyo, D. O. and Jonyo, B. O. (2017) Management in Kenyan Public Schools: Implications and Challenges. European Journal of Educational Sciences, EJES September 2017 edition Vol.4,No.3 ISSN 1857- 6036.doi:

19044/ejes.v4no3a3 URL:

Julie, A. N.(2012) Effects of teacher evaluation on teachers effectiveness and student achievement. A published MED Tthesis , Northern Michigan University.

Kukulska-Hulme, A. (2009). Will mobile learning change language learning? ReCALL, 21(2), 157-165., N.(2018 April 17th) Teacher to get two certificate for practice and TSC promote.

Lam, S. (2001). Educators’ opinions on classroom observation as a practice of staff development and appraisal.

Teacher and Teacher Education, 17:161-173.

Lord, B., Cress, K., & Miller, B. (2008).Teacher leadership in support of large-scale mathematics and science education reform. In M.M.

Mangin & S.R. Stoelinga (Eds.), Effective teacher leadership: Using research to inform and reform.New York: Teachers College Press.

Mainia, S. J. (2016) Head Teachers’ preparedness for integration of information communication technology in administration of primary schools in Narok North subcounty. A master of education Thesis at the Nairobi University.

Manual. Monitoring Unit Report: EFA - Is the World on Track? UNESCO, Paris.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:

SEREK publication


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License